In countries that have managed to confront and cope with the challenges of food insecurity over the past two centuries, markets have done the heavy lifting. Markets serve as the arena for allocating society's scarce resources to meet the virtually unlimited needs and desires of consumers: no other mechanism can efficiently signal fluctuations in scarcity and abundance, the cost of labor, or the value of commodities. But markets fail at tasks that society regards as important; thus, governments have had to intervene to stabilize the economic environment and provide essential public goods, such as transportation and communications networks, agricultural research and development, and access to quality health and educational facilities. Ending hunger requires that each society find the right balance of market forces and government interventions to drive a process of economic growth that reaches the poor and ensures that food supplies are readily, and reliably, available and accessible to even the poorest households. But locating that balance has been a major challenge for many countries, and seems to be getting more difficult as the global economy becomes more integrated and stable. Food Security and Scarcity explains what forms those challenges take in the long run and short term and at global, national, and household levels. C. Peter Timmer, best known for his work on the definitive text Food Policy Analysis, draws on decades of food security research and analysis to produce the most comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of what makes a productive, sustainable, and stable food system--and why so many countries have fallen short. Poverty and hunger are different in every country, so the manner of coping with the challenges of ending hunger and keeping it at bay will depend on equally country-specific analysis, governance, and solutions. Timmer shows that for all their problems and failures, markets and food prices are ultimately central to solving the problem of hunger, and that any coherent strategy to improve food security will depend on an in-depth understanding of how food markets operate. Published in association with the Center for Global Development.
This book is the English translation of the Ramakrishna Upanishadam written in Tamil by Sri C. Rajagopalchari. Here the author has retold the tales and parables of Sri Ramakrishna in such an impressive and fascinating way that they at once attract the reader's attention. Practical suggestions about how to lead a really spiritual life and solutions of various intricate problems concerning different religions have been presented in such a lucid and easy style that they will be interesting and beneficial to both young and old.
The turn of the first millennium in Anglo-Saxon England was a time of raiding and settlement. The Vikings invaded our shores and our rulers seemed unable to stop them. The Church was in decline, and was apparently unable to cope with this savage and disruptive force.
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Using Apache Cordova 4, you can leverage native technologies and web standards to quickly build cross-platform apps for most mobile devices. You can deliver a high-end user experience where it matters, while radically simplifying code maintenance and reuse. " Apache Cordova 4 Programming " is the most concise, accessible introduction to this remarkable technology. In this essential guide, expert mobile developer John Wargo quickly gets you up to speed with all the essentials, from installation, configuration, and tools, to building plugins and using Cordova s powerful APIs. Wargo helps you make the most of Cordova 4 s major enhancements, while offering practical guidance for all versions, including Adobe PhoneGap.
Full chapters are dedicated to five major mobile platforms: Android, iOS, Windows Phone, Firefox OS, and Ubuntu. Using rich, relevant examples, Wargo guides you through both the anatomy of a Cordova app and its entire lifecycle, including cross-platform testing and debugging. Throughout, he illuminates Cordova development best practices, streamlining your development process and helping you write high-quality apps right from the start.
Topics include Installing and configuring Cordova s development environment Working with the Cordova command line interfaces Creating Cordova plugins, using Plugman and the PhoneGap CLI Cordova s support for Firefox OS and Ubuntu devices Automation (Grunt and Gulp) and Cordova CLI hooks Microsoft s hybrid toolkit for Visual Studio Third-party tools, such as AppGyver, GapDebug, THyM, and more Beautifying Cordova apps with third-party HTML frameworks, such as Bootstrap, OpenUI5, Ionic, and Onsen UI Running, testing, and debugging Cordova apps on each major mobile platform Access the full code examples at cordova4programming.com, where you ll also find updates reflecting Cordova s continuing evolution. This book is an ideal companion to Wargo s authoritative collection of Apache Cordova code recipes for each Cordova API, "Apache Cordova API Cookbook" (Addison-Wesley, 2015)."